Phase One of Letters and Sounds concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and lays the foundations for the phonic work which starts in Phase 2. In FS2 we are currently working on this phase of phonics teaching.
The emphasis during Phase 1 is to get children attuned to the sounds around them and ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills.
This video demonstrates how to pronounce the phomemes correctly. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UCI2mu7URBc
Phase One Phonics
General sound discrimination - environmental
The aim of this aspect is to raise children's awareness of the sounds around them and to develop their listening skills.
Some activities that you could try are:
going on a listening walk;
drumming on different items outside and comparing the sounds;
playing a sounds lotto game.
Or Play one of these games:
General sound discrimination - instrumental sounds
This aspect aims to develop children's awareness of sounds made by various instruments and noise makers.
Some activities you could try are:
playing instruments alongside a story or nursery rhyme;
playing musical instruments;
making loud and quiet sounds.
General sound discrimination - body percussion
The aim of this aspect is to develop children's awareness of sounds and rhythms.
listening to music;
singing action songs.
Rhythm and rhyme
This aspect aims to develop children's appreciation and experiences of rhythm and rhyme in speech.
read rhyming stories e.g. The Gruffalo;
sing nursery rhymes;
clapping out the syllables in words e.g. straw-be-rry, a-pple;
finding the odd word out in a group e.g. hat, bat, cat, bag.
Listen to a story